Case study: the Gironde estuary

A macrotidal hyperturbid fluvial-estuarine system

Le soleil se couchant derrière une forêt dense.
From Jalón-Rojas et al. (2015)

Ecologically, the estuary is a unique and biodiverse ecosystem, providing habitat for a variety of plant and animal species, including several commercially important fish species. The estuary also plays a crucial role in the nutrient cycling and carbon storage of the region. Economically, the Gironde estuary is a major shipping route, connecting the port of Bordeaux to the Atlantic Ocean and facilitating the transportation of goods and commodities such as wine, grain, and petroleum. The estuary also supports a thriving tourism industry, with visitors drawn to the region’s natural beauty, cultural heritage, and gastronomy.